1. Djibouti is a smalllow-income country located in the Horn of Africa with a high level of urbanization. Faced with scarcity of arable land and water resources, the country’s traditionally nomadic people have migrated to urban areas. Approximately 71 percent of Djibouti’s estimated 865,000 inhabitants live in cities which are expanding annually by more than four percent (Djibouti Census 2009). The capital of DjiboutiCity (Djibouti Ville) has 475,322 inhabitants—including 25 percent of the “particular population,”the official term for foreigners, formal, and informal residents.Fifty-eight percent of the total population and 82 percent of the total urban populationis concentrated in Djibouti City.